The United Nations Security Council is one of the main organizations in the United Nations and their main duty is to maintain international peace and security. The exact responsibilities and power of the United Nations Security Council has been outlined in the United Nations Charter. The United Nations Security Council has authority in matters of establishing peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action.
The United Nations Security Council consists of five permanent members; these are China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, and United States. As a member of the United Nations Security Council, these countries have the power to veto any resolution. The five members of the United Nations Security Council were countries that emerged victorious after WWII. Furthermore, the members of the United Nations Security Council are also the only members that have been recognized for their possession of nuclear weapons under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, although this is not a prerequisite or condition. There are also rotating positions in the United Nations Security Council. There are ten non permanent members in the United Nations Security Council and they are chosen based on various regions of the world. At some point or another, almost every United Nations member county is a member of a regional grouping.
The ten non permanent members serve two year terms and half are replaced each year in annual elections. Each region votes for its own representatives and the United Nations General Assembly will approve the selections. From January 1st, 2008 to December 31st 2009 are Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Croatia, Libya, and Vietnam. The other five members started on January 1st, 2009 and will end their term on December 31st, 2010; these countries are Austria, Japan, Mexico, Turkey, and Uganda. The president of the Security Council has to set the agenda, preside at its meetings and oversee any crisis. The president of the Security Council also has to authority to issue both presidential statements and notes, which are used to make declarations of intent that the full Security Council can then pursue. The Presidency rotates monthly in alphabetical order of the Security Council member nations. One of the most important powers of the United Nations Security Council is the power they have over decisions. According to the United Nations Charter, Security Council decisions on all substantive matters require the affirmative votes of nine out of fifteen members. A negative vote or veto by a permanent member prevents the adoption of a proposal even if it has already received the nine affirmative votes. Their veto power is for lack of a better term, a perk of being a member of the Security Council. Being a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council gives you a great deal of influence in international proceedings therefore there have been many bids from countries to become permanent members. There has been discussion of increasing the number of permanent members. The countries who have made the strongest bids as of now are Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan. This situation is still being discussed.
The United Nations Security Council is a very powerful body and must be respected as their decisions will have a significant influence in the world.
Public international law deals with the structure and conduct of states and intergovernmental organizations. Public international law may also affect multinational corporations and individuals. Public international law has increased in use and importance tremendously during the 20th century due to increase in global trade, armed conflict, environmental deterioration, human rights violations, international transportation, and a … Continue reading
The Millennium Development Goals are eight international development goals that was put forth by the United Nations. All 192 United Nation member states, and a minimum of 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by 2015. The Millennium Development goals include “reducing extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and … Continue reading
According to freemylife.com, International human rights law is a system of laws, domestic, regional, and international designed to promote human rights. Human rights law is made up of various international human rights instruments which are binding to its parties. An important concept within human rights law is that of universal jurisdiction. This concept, is not … Continue reading
The International Criminal Court is a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. The International Criminal Court was established in July 1, 2002. This was the date its founding treaty, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court entered into force. Following the Nuremberg and … Continue reading
The International Court of Justice which is known colloquially as the World Court or the ICJ is the primary judicial function of the United Nations. It is headquartered in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands. The main functions of the International Court of Justice or World Court are to give advisory opinions on legal … Continue reading
International humanitarian law is also referred to as the laws of war, the laws and customs of war, and the law of armed conflict. International humanitarian law was comprised at both the Geneva and Hague Conventions as well as treaties, case law, and customary international law. International humanitarian law, “defines the conduct and responsibilities of … Continue reading
Human Rights Watch is an international non-governmental organization based in the United States that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. Founded under the name Helsinki Watch in 1978, the Human Rights Watch, was to ensure the former Soviet Union’s observance of the Helsinki Accords. As Helsinki Watch grew, it created various other “watch committees” … Continue reading
Human rights refer to basic rights and freedoms that all humans are inherently entitled to regardless of sex, creed, color, or anything else. Example of basic human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom of expression, equality before the law, social/cultural/economic rights, the right to food, the right to work, and the right … Continue reading
Customary international laws are the aspects of international law that derive from custom. Customary international law is a marriage between general principles of law, treaties and custom which is considered by the International Court of Justice, jurists, the United Nations, its members countries are the main sources for international law. Laws regarding war were an … Continue reading